Backward bending

 

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Backward bending

Refers to a curve that reverses direction, usually if, after moving out away from an origin or axis, it then turns back toward it. The term is used most frequently to describe supply curves for which the quantity supplied declines as price rises above some point, as may happen in a labor supply curve, the supply curve for foreign exchange, or an offer curve.



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Backwardation

Backwardation

In the futures market the price of a contract for future delivery of a commodity usually trades above the spot price because the owner of the contract is deemed to have the advantage of holding cash until the time of delivery and is assumed to be able to earn interest on that cash.Occasionally, however, the spot price actually exceeds the futures price. This is known as backwardation, or an inverted market.


Backward integration

Backward integration

Acquisition by a firm of its suppliers.


Backwardation

Backwardation

A market condition in which futures prices are lower in the distant delivery months than in the nearest delivery month. This may occur when the costs of storing the product until eventual delivery are effectively subtracted from the price today. The opposite of contango.


Normal backwardation theory

Normal backwardation theory

Holds that the futures price will be bid down to a level below the expected spot price.


Backward linkage

Backward linkage

The use by one firm or industry of produced inputs from another firm or industry.


Further Suggestions

Backward compatibility


 
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