Backward integration

 

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Backward integration

Acquisition by a firm of its suppliers.



Similar Matches

Economic integration

Economic integration

See integration.


Disintegration

Disintegration

Another term for fragmentation. Used by Feenstra (1998).


Deep integration

Deep integration

Refers to economic integration that goes well beyond removal of formal barriers to trade and includes various ways of reducing the international burden of differing national regulations, such as mutual recognition and harmonization. Contrasts with shallow integration.


Integration

Integration

Economic integration refers to reducing barriers among countries to transactions and to movements of goods, capital, and labor, including harmonization of laws, regulations, and standards. Common forms include FTAs, customs unions, and common markets. Sometimes classified as shallow integration vs. deep integration.


Forward integration

Forward integration

Acquisition by a firm of a larger part of its distribution chain, moving it closer to selling directly to its ultimate customers.


Further Suggestions

Trade integration
Economies of vertical integration
Horizontal integration
Vertical integration
Shallow integration


 
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