Dispute Settlement Body

 

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Dispute Settlement Body

The entity within the WTO that formally deals with disputes between members. It consists of all WTO members meeting together to consider reports of panels and the Appellate Body.



Similar Matches

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which serves as a forum for monetary cooperation among several European central banks, the Bank of Japan, and the US Federal Reserve System. Founded in 1930 to handle the German payment of World War I reparations, it now monitors and collects data on international banking activity and promulgates rules concerning international bank regulation.


Short settlement

Short settlement

Trade settlement made prior to the standard five-day period due to customer request.


Settlement

Settlement

Settlement is what happens after your broker has bought or sold shares on your behalf. There are three aspects to it:Transfer of ownershipIf you have a nominee account with your broker, the shares you buy or sell are registered in the broker's name, and responsibility for sorting out changes of ownership rests with the broker and the registrar.If you have a certificated account, and you have sold shares, you have to send the share certificate(s) to the broker so that settlement can be effected. If you have bought shares, you will receive a share certificate from the company's registrar either direct or vis your broker.Payment when you buy sharesShare purchases have to be paid for. If your broker works on a 'cleared funds' basis, you will have to have enough money in your broker account to pay for the shares and transaction costs before you buy them. If you haven't got the money available, the broker's system will spot the deficit, and will not process the order.For offline trading, your ability to buy 'on credit' will depend on the kind of relationship you have with your broker. If you have 300 in your account and want to buy 12,000 of shares, eyebrows will be raised and you may be asked to deposit money with the broker before the order is processed.Once a broker has bought shares on your behalf, you have an obligation to supply him with funds prior to the settlement date. Most brokers will accept cheques, direct bank transfers, and debit cards. It is important to check how your broker accepts payment beforehand.Receipt of proceeds when you sell sharesWhen you sell shares, the broker will credit funds to your client account after deducting commission. It is then up to you to decide what to do with that money. You can ask your broker to send the money to your normal bank account, or you can reinvest it in the market, or you can leave it in the client account where it will earn interest.The timing of payment will depend on the settlement time of your transaction. The industry standard used to be T+5 but this changed to T+3 in February 2001. The '5' and '3' simply indicate the number of working days after the transaction date by which settlement must be complete.


Settlement rate

Settlement rate

The rate suggested in Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) 87 for discounting the obligations of a pension plan. The rate at which the pension benefits could be effectively settled if the company sponsoring the pension plan wishes to terminate its pension obligation.


Rolling settlement

Rolling settlement

Settlement is the process by which investors pay for shares they have bought and receive payment for shares they have sold. Before July 1994, this process was done by means of an 'account period', normally ten working days. All the transactions during that period were balanced against each other to produce a single figure, which was either paid to the investor or due from him, depending on whether the value of his purchases was higher or lower than the value of his sales in the period. One of the features of the account period was that transactions taking place at the beginning of it (say, Day 1) didn't have to be settled until about 14 days later, whereas transactions at the end (say Day 10) had to be settled within 4 days.In July 1994, the account period system was replaced by ten day (T+10) rolling settlement, which means that each transaction has to be settled ten days after the transaction date. This was subsequently reduced to five days (T+5) and in February 2001 was reduced to three days (T+3).These significance of rolling settlement and of shortened settlement times is that when investors sell shares, the proceeds get paid into their account quicker, and when they buy shares they have to pay for them quicker. It requires careful money management on the part of the investor.


Further Suggestions

Exercise settlement amount
Settlement price
Settlement options
Regular settlement
Cash settlement contracts
Exchange Delivery Settlement Price
Continuous net settlement (CNS)
Uniform Settlement Statement
Insurance settlement
Same Day Funds Settlement (SDFS)
settlement day
Bank for International Settlements
Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)
Dispute settlement
settlement options
Skip day settlement
Next day settlement
Dispute settlement mechanism
Settlement
cash settlement
Settlement risk
Structured settlement
Good delivery and settlement procedures
Settlement date
Cash sale or settlement


 
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