Gross profitThe difference between (i) turnover and (ii) the cost of making a product or providing a service, before taking into account overheads, salaries and wages, and interest payments.The logical step after calculating gross profit is to go on to calculate the gross profit margin, which is the gross profit as a percentage of turnover.Example: a company has turnover of £10m and the cost of providing its service is £5mits gross profit is £5mits gross profit margin is £5m / £10m x 100 = 50%
Gross profitSales minus the cost of goods sold.
Full with profit endowmentFull with profit endowment
The most expensive endowment plan with the highest guaranteed returns. This type of endowment guarantees an annual growth and also to pay off the full loan at maturity which is the cause of the added expense. It also has built in life cover. The future growth of your investment is assumed to be at a certain rate, which determines the level of your premiums. The portion of your premium that is being invested is pooled with the premiums of other investors. Annual bonuses are added to the maturity value each year and are dependent on the performance of the investment fund. There is a possibility that the bonuses will take the maturity value above the level required to pay back the loan. This would result in a tax-free cash surplus, which you can spend on whatever tickles your fancy.
Windfall profitWindfall profit
A sudden unexpected profit uncontrolled by the profiting party.
Profit marginProfit margin
Operating profit as a percentage of sales (or turnover). To calculate profit margin, multiply operating profit by 100, and divide the result by turnover.Example: Company X made an operating profit of £500m on a turnover of £3,000m. Profit margin was therefore (500 x 100) / 3000= 16.66%Profit margin tells you about the underlying profitability of a company's trading activities, not whether it is actually making money for shareholders. Note that it is calculated before taking account of interest charges or tax.
Unitised with profit endowmentUnitised with profit endowment
This is a hybrid unit-linked endowment, designed to smooth out price fluctuations that occur with unit-linked policies. The value of units is declared each year and that value is then guaranteed. The guaranteed value that is declared is at a discount to the actual value of the units. The guaranteed value will not reach the real value until the term of the endowment is up, so the chance of being able to pay of the loan early is minimised.
Net profitNet profit
The gross profit of a company (total turnover of products sold less costs to purchase or manufacture) less all other expenses. When net profit figures are quoted, the author usually makes it clear whether the figure is before or after tax. In company accounts, the word 'net' is often dropped, so that you simply have 'Profit before tax' and Profit after tax'.
Further Suggestionspre tax profit
Profit sharing plan
Non profit endowment
Net profit margin
net profit before tax (pre tax profit)
Directly Unproductive Profit-Seeking Activities
Realized profit (or loss)
Excess profits tax
profit and loss statement (P&L)
Gross profit margin