Margin of safety
Margin of safetyThe term given by Benjamin Graham, 'the father of value investing', to the idea that if you buy shares for less than two thirds of their net asset value, you automatically have a cushion against any deterioration in the company's trading position in the future. Put another way, 'buy cheap'.Graham's view was that it is extremely difficult to accurately predict a company's future earnings. For an investment to be 'safe', therefore, he liked to see a margin between the value of its net current assets and its share price. If the share price was below the net current assets divided by the number of shares in issue, he would consider buying it.One of the problems with Graham's approach is that in bull markets it is very difficult to find companies that fulfil his criteria. A second problem is that many of the fastest growing companies in modern economies are those whose assets are intangible - for instance, the value of their intellectual property. Under the Graham rubric, these sorts of assets would be excluded.
Margin of safetyWith respect to working capital management, the difference between (1) the amount of long-term financing and (2) the sum of fixed assets and the permanent component of current assets.
Margin of safety
Variation marginVariation margin
Profits and losses on open futures contracts, which are revalued daily at the settlement price, which are subsequently paid to or received from the clearing house.
Operating marginOperating margin
The Turnover of a company (its sales) minus direct costs and overheads.
OTC margin stockOTC margin stock
Shares traded over-the-counter that can be used as margin securities under Regulation T.
Buy on marginBuy on margin
Borrowing to buy additional shares, using the shares themselves as collateral.
Initial marginInitial margin
(1) Amount of money deposited by both buyers and sellers of futures contracts to ensure performance of the terms of the contract; (2) amount of cash or eligible securities required to be deposited with a broker before engaging in margin transactions.
Further SuggestionsValue marginal product
Gross profit margin
Marginal propensity to import
Initial margin requirement
Marginal revenue product
Marginal efficiency of capital
Marginal value product
Net profit margin
Marginal rate of substitution
Margin requirement (options)
Effective margin (EM)
Operating profit margin