Marginal product

 

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Marginal product

In a production function, the marginal product of a factor is the increase in output due to a unit increase in the input of the factor; that is, the partial derivative of the production function with respect to the factor. In a competitive equilibrium, the equilibrium price of any factor is its marginal value product in every sector where it is employed.



Similar Matches

Marginal revenue product

Marginal revenue product

The additional revenue generated by the extra output from employing one more unit of a factor of production. In a competitive industry this equals the marginal value product, but with imperfect competition it is smaller, due to the implied price reduction. Determines factor prices in competitive factor markets.


Value marginal product

Value marginal product

Marginal value product.


Marginal propensity to consume

Marginal propensity to consume

The fraction of a change in income (or perhaps disposable income) spent on consumption. Contrasts with average propensity to consume.


Marginal rate of transformation

Marginal rate of transformation

The increase in output of one good made possible by a one-unit decrease in the output of another, given the technology and factor endowments of a country; thus the absolute value of the slope of the transformation curve.


Marginal rate of substitution

Marginal rate of substitution

In a production function or a utility function, the ratio at which one argument (input) substitutes for another along an isoquant or indifference curve.


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